father of the nation unit 1 lesson 4 : Read the passage. Then answer the questions below (1 – 2). [Unit ––1; Lesson ––4(B)] Bangabandhu’s Relationship with other countries
father of the nation unit 1 lesson 4
“I have not seen the Himalayas. But, I have seen Sheikh Mujib. In personality and in courage, this man is the Himalayas. I have thus had the experience of witnessing the Himalayas.”– said Fidel Castro, the then Prime Minister of Cuba in 1973, when he first met Bangabandhu. Such was the impression Bangabandhu left on the minds of world leaders. He owned the position in the heart of people across the world by his selflessness, courage and greatness.
Any country has to determine its mode of dealing with other countries of the world. The constitution of Bangladesh of 1972 clearly reflects the philosophy, ‘Friendship with all, malice to none’. Bangabandhu led new government decided to maintain friendly ‘co-existence’ with other countries based on this principle.
The charismatic leadership of Bangabandhu inspired India to come forward to extend its support during the Liberation War even in his absence.
It played an active role to convince the world leaders about sufferings of the people of Bangladesh and their right to be free. Moreover, this country supported the freedom fighters with its army fighting the Pakistani occupation forces in a frontal war. Not only that, Bangabandhu was given a warm welcome at Palam Airport at Delhi by Mrs. Indira Gandhi on the occasion of his way back home from Pakistan jail via London.
However, Bangabandhu’s foresightedness, courage and mental strength were evident in his query to Indian Prime Minister when she would withdraw her army from Bangladesh. Mrs. Gandhi soon replied, “Any time when you wish.” Noticeably, the great leader Bangabandhu had a strong personality to ask for any clarification from any other leader of the world! Consequently, very soon, before Bangabandhu’s next birthday, the withdrawal was completed.
Bangabandhu had an open mind to maintain good relationship with all countries irrespective of their capitalist, democratic or socialist ideologies. He left no stones unturned to make entry into different global organizations. During the period between 1972 and 1975, Bangladesh signed more than seventy treaties, agreements, memoranda and contracts with different countries of the world. Managing entry into OIC (Organization of Islamic Cooperation) and attending its conference at Lahore filled up a major gap in diplomacy of Bangladesh. It opened opportunities to explore all the possibilities of trade and other potentials with the Islamic world.
1. Choose the correct answer from the following alternatives.
(a) Bangabandhu left no stone unturned ––––– into different global organisations.
(i) to make friendship
(ii) to make entry
(iii) to go
(iv) to be invited
(b) –––– into OIC helped Bangladesh to explore possibilities of trade with other Islamic countries.
(iv) Managing entry
(c) “I have not seen the Himalayas, but I have seen Bangabandhu.” This is the remark of a ––––.
(iv) Prime Minister
(d) The Prime Minister of –––– compared Bangabandhu with the Himalayas.
(e) India supported us –––– our Liberation War.
(f) During our Liberation War –––– was the Prime Minister of India.
(i) Rajiv Gandhi
(ii) Mrs. Indira Gandhi
(iii) Abul Kalam
(g) Indian Govt. withdrew all Indian soldiers at the –––– of Bangabandhu.
(h) “Any time when you wish.” Was the reply of –––––.
(i) Mrs. Indira Gandhi
(iii) Fidel Castro
(iv) Ataul Gani Osmani
(i) Bangabandhu had a/an –––– mind to maintain good relationship with other countries.
(j) All members of OIC are –––– countries.
(k) Fidel Castro was the Prime Minister of –––––.
(l) What inspired India to come forward to support us during our Liberation War?
(i) India’s hatred for Pakistan
(ii) people of India
(iii) our sufferings
(iv) seasoned leadership of Bangabandhu
(m) When did Fidel Castro first meet Bangabandhu?
(n) He owned the position in the heart of the people. Who is “He” here?
(i) Indira Gandhi
(ii) Fidel Castro
(iv) Queen Elizabeth
(o) Bangabandhu’s foreign policy was –––––.
(i) we are all equal
(ii) friendship with all
(iii) malice to none
(iv) friendship with all and malice to none
(p) The govt. led by Bangabandhu wanted to maintain –––– with all other countries.
(ii) good relationship
(iii) friendly co-existence
(iv) distant relationship
2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Why did Fidel Castro compare Bangabandhu with the Himalayas?
(b) When did Fidel Castro compare Sheikh Mujib with the Himalayas?
(c) How was the impression of world leaders about Bangabandhu?
(d) ‘Friendship with all and malice to none’–– What do you mean by the expression?
(e) Where is a country’s mode of dealing with other countries written?
(f) When did the first constitution of Bangladesh appear?
(g) In what sense, according to Fidel Castro, is Sheikh Mujib equal to the Himalayas?
(h) How did Sheikh Mujib own the position in the heart of the people across the world?
(i) What did the govt. led by Bangabandhu decide to maintain?
(j) What inspired India to come forward to help us in our Liberation War?
(k) How did India help in our Liberation War?
(l) What role did the Indian Army play in our Liberation War?
(m) Where was Bangabandhu given a warm reception?
(n) Did Sheikh Mujib straightway come to India from Pakistan jail?
(o) Who was the Indian Prime Minister during our Liberation War?
(p) How can we justify that Bangabandhu was a courageous Prime Minister?
3. Read the following text and fill in each gap with a suitable word based on the information of the text.
In maintaining relation (a) _____ other countries Bangladesh (b) _____ the leadership of Bangabandhu (c) _____ the policy of ensuring (d) _____ with all other countries and giving up (e) _____ if it exists with any country.
(i) Bangabandhu did his (a) _____ to make entry into (b) _____ global organizations. Thus, under Bangabandhu’s (c) _____ Bangladesh became a member (d) _____ OIC which opened a new (e) _____ for Bangladesh for the expansion of trade.
(ii) Bangabandhu did (a) _____ hesitate to ask Indian (b) _____ when the Indian Army would be (c) _____ from the soil (d) _____ Bangladesh. This incident bears a (e) _____ to the mental strength of this great leader.
(iii) Bangabandhu’s charismatic (a) _____ spread his name (b) _____ the world. Bangabandhu (c) _____ a place in the heart of (d) _____ for his selflessness, courage and (e) _____.
(iv) On his way back (a) _____ from Pakistan jail, Bangabandhu (b) _____ in India. Indian Prime Minister (c) _____ him a very warm (d) _____ at Delhi’s Palam (e) _____.
(v) Cuban Prime Minister (a) _____ compared Bangabandhu (b) _____ the Himalayas. According to Cuban (c) _____, the personality of Bangabandhu (d) _____ as high as the (e) _____ of the Himalayas.
Put the following parts of the story in correct order to make the whole story. Only the corresponding numbers of the sentences need to be written. 1×8=8
The boy took the calf to the market, but was not able to sell it.
Once upon a time, there lived a poor widow.
In the evening, the boy returned home with those peanuts and gave them to his mother.
On the way back home, an old man took the calf for three peanuts.
She had a son who was foolish by nature.
Next morning, the boy saw a big nut tree beside the window and a big palace on the top of the tree.
One day, the widow told him to sell their only calf.
The poor woman got furious at this and threw the peanuts out of the window.
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