macbeth questions and answers pdf
macbeth questions and answers pdf
1. Who is Macbeth?
Ans: He is the evil King of Scotland. Being inspired by the Witches and his wife, he snatches away the throne from Duncan by murdering him and sinks into a state of chaos because of his greed and guilt; his evil acts lead to his ruin, and rebel forces lead an attack against him, and Macduff, in a personal battle, beheads him.
2. Who is Lady Macbeth?
Ans: Lady Macbeth is the wife of Macbeth. She is a deeply ambitious woman who lusts for power and position.
3. Who are the three Witches?
Ans: They are the three “black and midnight hags” who plot mischief against Macbeth using charms, spells, and prophecies.
4. Who is Banquo?
Ans: Banquo is a general in Duncan’s army and a close friend of Macbeth prior to Macbeth’s seizing the throne. Banquo is the brave, noble general who was brutally killed by the murders hired by Macbeth. The Witches prophesies that his children will inherit the Scottish throne.
5. Who is Macduff?
Ans: Macduff is a general in Duncan’s army who becomes suspicious of Macbeth’s part in the king’s murder. His son and wife were killed by Macbeth’s men and eventually he became able to slain Macbeth.
6. Who is Lady Macduff?
Ans: Lady Macduff is Macduff’s wife who was murdered by the ruffians sent by Macbeth.
7. Who is Hecate?
Ans: Hecate is the goddess of witchcraft. She helps the three witches work their mischief on Macbeth.
8. Who is Fleance?
Ans: Fleance is Banquo’s son, who survives Macbeth’s attempt to murder him. At the end of the play, Fleance’s whereabouts are unknown.
9. Who are the Murderers in “Macbeth”?
Ans: The Murderers are a group of ruffians conscripted by Macbeth to murder Banquo, Fleance (but they fail to kill Fleance), and Macduff’s wife and children.
10. Who is Siward?
Ans: Siward is the Earl of Northumberland and veteran military officer. He becomes an ally of Malcolm and Macduff and leads the first attack against Macbeth’s forces.
11. Who was Young Siward?
Ans: He was the son of Siward. He follows his father to fight against Macbeth in Scotland; but is killed in battle.
12. Who is Seyton?
Ans: Seyton is the only remaining officer in Macbeth’s army that remains loyal to him.
13. Why did Lady Macbeth go mad?
Ans: Lady Macbeth went mad because, before the murder of Duncan, she “hardly imagines the act, or at most imagines its outward show,” and because she does not “foresee those inward consequences which reveal themselves immediately in her husband.”
14. Is the Ghost of Banquo a hallucination?
Ans: Yes, but Shakespeare knew that most of his audience would think of it as a real ghost.
15. ‘Fair is foul, and foul is fair’. What is meant here?
Ans: The line refers to the theme of Macbeth as ‘the reversal of values’.
16. Who was Duncan?
Ans: Duncan was the good King of Scotland whom Macbeth, in his ambition for the crown, murders. Duncan is the model of a virtuous, benevolent, and farsighted ruler.
17. Who was Malcolm?
Ans: Malcolm was King Duncan’s oldest son. He was the rightful heir to the throne of Scotland but flees to England after his father’s murder and later returns to lead a successful attack against Macbeth
18. What is Golgotha?
Ans: Golgotha was the place where Christ was hanged on the cross.
20. Who is Bellona?
Ans: Bellona is the name of the goddess of war.
21. Whom does Duncan nominate as the heir to the throne?
Ans: Duncan nominates his eldest son, Malcolm, as the heir to the throne.
22. What does the phrase the milk of human kindness mean?
Ans: The milk of human kindness refers to the gentleness of human nature.
23. Why does Lady Macbeth wish to drive away her feminine qualities?
Ans: Lady Macbeth wishes to drive away feminine qualities so that she can execute her design of putting an end to Duncan’s life.
24. What is Lady Macbeth’s ‘prayer’ to the spirits after she learns Duncan is coming?
Ans: She wants to be filled with cruelty, given a hard heart and the thick blood necessary to do what has to be done in order to make Macbeth king.
25. With whom does King Duncan arrive at Macbeth’s castle?
Ans: King Duncan arrives at Macbeth’s castle in the company of his sons, Malcolm and Donalbain, and a few of his noblemen Banquo, Lenox, Macduff, Ross and Angus.
26. On what pretext does Lady Macbeth refuse to kill Duncan herself?
Ans: Lady Macbeth refuses to kill Duncan on the pretext that he looked like her father sleeping there
27. What does Macbeth do with the daggers after the murder?
Ans: After Macbeth has murdered King Duncan, he takes the daggers to his wife instead of placing them with the guards.
28. What does the death of Duncan symbolize?
Ans: His death symbolizes the destruction of an order in Scotland that can be restored only when Duncan’s line, in the person of Malcolm, once more occupies the throne.
29. What does the escape of Fleance symbolize for Macbeth?
Ans: The escape of Fleance represents a possible threat to Macbeth, for the prophecy regarding Banquo’s children leading line of kings could still be fulfilled. Moreover, Fleance’s escape brings about the initiation of Macbeth’s decline, as this is the first time he has failed in executing his plans to perfection.
30. What is Lady Macbeth’s advice to her husband when he is unable to say “Amen”?
Ans: Lady Macbeth advises her husband not to think about it so much, or it will make them crazy.
1. Bring out the differences between Macbeth and Banquo in their reaction to the prophecies of the witches.
2. Whom does Duncan nominate to the throne?
3. What is going on in Macbeth’s mind when he hears the nomination of Malcolm as the heir to the throne?
4. How does Lady Macbeth persuade her husband to murder Duncan?
5. Describe the dagger- scene in Macbeth.
6. Comment on the significance of the dagger- scene in Macbeth.
7. Describe Macbeth’s state of mind after committing the murder of Duncar.
8. How does Lady Macbeth appear as a courageous woman after the murder of Duncan by her husband?
9. Describe the scene in which Banquo is stabbed to death?
10. What information is provided to Macbeth by apparitions?
11. Describe Lady Macbeth’s sleep- walking scene.
12. Describe the scene in which Macbeth was killed?
13. Write in brief the significance of Macbeth’s soliloquies.
14. How is Macbeth different from a classical tragedy?
15. What prophecies do the Witches make about Macbeth and Banquo?
1. Evaluate Macbeth as a tragedy of ambition.
2. To what extent do the Witches influence Macbeth’s decision and actions?
3. How far is Lady Macbeth responsible for the tragedy of Macbeth.
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