father of the nation unit 1 lesson 3 : Read the passage. Then answer the questions below (1 – 2). [Unit ––1; Lesson ––3(B)]
father of the nation unit 1 lesson 3
Reading Test (50 Marks)
Bangabandhu’s speech at the United Nation’s General Assembly is a matter of great pride for us. He delivered the speech on 25 September 1974, just after a week Bangladesh became a member of the UN. To be a member of the UN was not an easy go as some influential countries were opposing the membership for Bangladesh. So it was another war that Bangabandhu had to wage.
But finally, Bangabandhu won. He won not only the UN membership, but also everyone who listened to his ever first speech at the UN. It was a veni vidi vici experience for him– he came, he saw and he conquered everyone. Bangabandhu was the first person in the history of the UN to deliver a speech in Bangla, the language of the seven and a half crore (seventy-five million) Bangalees, the language of the language martyrs.
The poet of oration, the icon of charismatic leadership touched another milestone and so did the Bangalees through him. It was a speech that revealed Bangladesh’s stand on national and international issues before the global community.
Identifying the UN as the parliament for the humankind, Bangabandhu recognized the moment of delivering his speech historical. He mentioned that the very moment justified the century-long struggle and sacrifice of the Bangalees for self-rule, independence, dignity and co-existence along with other nations. He assured that Bangladesh would follow the ideology of mutual respect, national sovereignty, regional integrity and non-interference into internal issues of other countries.
Bangabandhu explained Bangladesh’s absolute pledge to the UN charters and reminded how the people of his country made the highest sacrifice to achieve the same. The Father of the Nation added that Bangladesh would look forward to such a world where peace and justice would take their rightful place. It was essential to justify the sacrifice of countless martyrs.
1. Choose the correct answer from the following alternatives.
(a) When did Bangladesh become a member of the United Nations?
(i) in 1972
(ii) in 1973
(iii) in 1974
(iv) in 1975
(b) Bangabandhu delivered the speech in –––––.
(iii) in both Bangla and English
(iv) in French
(c) What bought pride for Bangladesh?
(i) our struggle
(ii) our language
(iii) Bangabandhu’s speech at the UN General Assembly
(iv) 7 March Speech of Bangabandhu
(d) Bangabandhu assured that Bangladesh would follow the ideology of mutual respect. What part of speech is the underlined word?
(e) What was the second war for Bangabandhu?
(iii) membership of the UN
(f) Bangabandhu won the nations of the world by his –––––.
(g) Bangabandhu reminded the nations of the ––––– of the Bangalees.
(h) Through his speech at the United Nations’ General Assembly, Bangabandhu introduced –––– to the global community.
(i) Bangla language
(ii) his people
(iii) his contribution to our Liberation War
(iv) our Liberation War
(i) In his speech, Bangabandhu gave emphasis on mutual –––––.
(j) Bangabandhu created another ––––– through his speech in the assembly of the UN.
(k) Bangabandhu introduced Bangladesh to the –––– community.
(l) Bangladesh became a member of the UN ––––– the opposition of some influential countries.
(i) because of
(iv) due to
(m) Bangabandhu told the assembly that Bangladesh would –––– the UN Charters.
(i) carry out
(n) Bangabandhu dreamt about a world where peace and justice would ––––.
(o) What does Bangabandhu’s speech at the United Nations’ General Assembly symbolize?
(i) It is a symbol of our great achievement.
(ii) It is a symbol of our great honour.
(iii) It is a symbol of our great dishonour.
(iv) It is a symbol of our great pride.
(p) Bangladesh became a member of the UN ––––.
(i) on the 25th September 1974
(ii) on the 18th September 1974
(iii) on the 2nd November 1974
(iv) on the 25th November 1974
(q) What is the main theme of the passage?
(i) about great achievement of Bangladesh
(ii) about Bangabandhu’s struggle for independence
(iii) about Bangabandhu’s speech at the United Nations’ General Assembly
(iv) about Bangabandhu’s participation at the United Nations’ General Assembly
2. Answer the following questions.
(a) Why wasn’t it easy for Bangladesh to be a member of the UN?
(b) How did Bangabandhu win the nations of the world?
(c) What did the speech of Bangabandhu reveal?
(d) Why was the speech a veni vidi vici experience for Bangabandhu?
(e) What did Bangabandhu guarantee in his speech?
(f) What did Bangabandhu demand from the UN?
(g) Why did Bangabandhu recognize the moment of delivering speech historical?
(h) What did Bangabandhu remind the nations of?
(i) How did Bangabandhu make another milestone in the history of Bangladesh?
(j) What is the speech of Bangabandhu at the united Nations’ General Assembly like?
(k) Why was the matter of getting membership of the UN tough?
(l) “So, it was another war that Bangabandhu had to wage.” –––
(m) What was the effect of Bangabandhu’s ever first speech at the UN?
(n) How was Bangabandhu’s contribution according to the passage?
(o) Why was Bangabandhu’s speech in the UN exceptional?
(p) How is Bangabandhu’s speech in Bangla in the UN treated?
(q) What did the moment of delivering the speech of Bangabandhu justify?
(r) What did Bangabandhu assure?
(s) “It was a veni vici experience for him–– he came, he saw and he conquered everyone.” ––– Explain the line in ¾ sentences.
(t) What did Bangabandhu explain in his speech?
(u) What did Bangabandhu remind the international community through his speech?
(v) “It was essential to justify the sacrifice of the countless martyrs.” –– Explain the sentence in 2/3 lines.
3. Read the following text and fill in each gap with a suitable word based on the information of the text.
Bangladesh gained the (a) _____ of the UN in 1974. It was (b) _____ only for the efforts of Bangabandhu. For Bangladesh, it was not an easy (c) _____ to be member of the UN. Many dominant countries (d) _____ the membership. It was Sheikh Mujibur Rahman (e) _____ made it possible.
(i) Sheikh Mujibur Rahman was a (a) _____ leader. He had also the (b) _____ of oration. So, his speech at the UN General Assembly (c) _____ everybody. Those (d) _____ listened to his speech were (e) _____ hypnotized.
(ii) The charismatic (a) _____ of Bangabandhu’s speech made the (b) _____ of the governments of the member countries of the UN (c) _____. It was his speech (d) _____ won everybody. By his speech. Bangabandhu (e) _____ the views about Bangladesh.
(iii) In the speech at the United Nations’ General Assembly, Bangabandhu (a) _____ that the Bangalees fought for their (b) _____ and their sacrifice made it (c) _____ to achieve their rights. Bangabandhu said that it was their (d) _____ for which he got an opportunity to (e) _____ the speech at the assembly of the UN.
(iv) In the speech, Bangabandhu made a (a) _____ that Bangladesh would (b) _____ obedient to the jurisdiction of the UN. There he also (c) _____ a would where only peace and justice would (d) _____. He laid emphasis (e) _____ his demand.
(v) The speech that Bangabandhu (a) _____ at the United Nations’ General Assembly made us (b) _____ greatly. He delivered the speech on 25 September 1974 when Bangladesh just (c) _____ a member of the UN. (d) _____ a member of UN was not an easy go as some influential countries stood (e) _____ the membership for Bangladesh.
Put the following parts of the story in correct order to make the whole story. Only the corresponding numbers of the sentences need to be written. 1×8=8
He thought that it might have been dropped by a passer-by. Picked it up and carried it home.
He was thinking how he could add to his income.
Once there lived a farmer in a village who had a few acres of land.
One day, he was walking through the fields.
He showed it to his greedy wife who advised him to use it or at least a part of it for themselves.
The lands yielded him some crops and he maintained his family with these.
But as he was more than honest, he began to find out the owner of the purse instead of using it.
In the meantime, he came across a purse of gold.
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